Replacing the heater core on your Mustang is inevitable! At some time or another during ownership you will have to deal with the dreaded Heater Core Replacement. The most common tell-tell signs that your Mustang Heater Core needs to be replaced; are a strong odor of Antifreeze coming through the vents, continuously fogged up windshield, and wet carpet on the passenger side under the heater box. Most people just loop their Mustang Heater Core
off so it doesn't leak anymore, but what happens when winter comes or you have an unexpected cold front come through? You don't have a Heater! To replace your Mustang Heater Core, most shops charge anywhere from $250-$400. I've even heard of dealerships (or stealerships, whichever you prefer) charging $600-$800 for the same job! I don't know about you, but I would rather spend a weekend and less than a $100 to fix my Mustang Heater Core myself and keep that extra pocket change to pay the bills.
I recently bought a 92 Fox Mustang LX 5.0L for my daily commute to work and it had a bad Heater Core. I decided to replace it myself and let everyone see what all is involved in replacing a Mustang Heater Core so they could attempt it too if they felt so inclined. I used our Heater Core Kit
that includes the heater core, heater hoses, and clamps.
The following instructions are for 87-93 Mustang, but 79-86 Mustang is similar with the main difference being fastener locations on the dash & console.
This is a pretty big job that requires you to pull the dash from the car so the first order of business is to disassemble the interior components. I started with the removal of the center console.
At the rear of the console are Access Plugs
on both sides of console. You will need to remove them to get access to the arm rest mounting bolts.
Once these are loose, the arm rest can be pulled out revealing the 2 Console Top Panel Screws. Next you need to take the Shifter Bezel
loose. Unscrew the shift knob so the boot/bezel can slip over the top of the handle. The bezel is held into place with 4 spring clips at each corner. Pull upward on the bezel to disengage the retainer clips
After the bezel is out of the way the 2 front screws are exposed. Once these are out, the console top panel
will be loose but not free yet. There are wiring harness' going to the mirror switch and cigarette lighter. Reach under the top panel to take disconnect the harness. With these disconnected, the top panel will be free to move out of the way. Next you need to remove the screws that hold the console to the dash. They are located behind the lower dash panel on the driver’s side and behind the glove box door on the passenger side. To gain access you need to take the lower dash panel loose. Remove the lower bolts and pull on the panel to release the spring clips that fasten it to the metal retainer plate.
With the panel removed, you can see the metal retaining plate and the bolts holding it on. Remove these to expose the rest of the dash as well as the steering column. Now that these are removed, you can see the screws that hold the console to the dash. Remove these screws as well as the trunk/hatch release button so the console is free.
With the console loose, now you need to remove the A/C Control Bezel and radio. The A/C Control bezel
just snaps in place so very little pressure is needed to free this item. Radios are installed many different ways so there will probably be steps specific to your application that I can't cover. Once these are removed, the console is ready to come out. (Note: you might have to remove your shifter handle to make clearance for the console to come out.)
With the Console out of the way you can start taking the dash loose. Start by taking the instrument bezel/cluster loose from the dash. There are 2 screws up by the windshield and one located by where the console was mounted to the dash. "pic was taken looking through windshield at the top of dash"
With these taken out the instrument bezel is loose with the exception of the flasher/defrost switch
and the headlight/foglight switch
. To release these you need to depress the 2 retaining tabs to allow the switches to slide out.
After the switch is loose, then you need to disconnect the wiring harness from the back and you can pull the bezel from the dash. With the bezel out of the way you can see the 4 screws that hold the instrument cluster in place. Take those loose so you can reach behind the cluster and take loose the Speedometer cable as well as the 2 wiring plugs "1 by the tach and 1 by the speedo" that plug into the back of the gauges. To release these you need to press in the 2 tabs on the bulkhead and the plug will pop loose. To release the speedo cable
you need to press in a single tab on the side and pull so it will disengage from the speedometer. (Note: there is not much room to pull the cluster away so space will be tight to acomplish this.)
Now that the cluster is out of the way you can loosen the 4 retaining nuts that hold the steering column in place. They don't need to be taken completely off just undone enough to drop the column an inch or so. With the column dropped down a little you can access the support nut that secures the dash to the pedal assembly. Loosen this nut and back it off about 1/4". This will allow the dash to come undone once the rest of the fasteners are removed. Next you want to take loose the 2 lower dash bolts located by the doors just under the lip of the dash.
Once those are loose the only thing holding the dash in place is the row of screws just under the windshield.
Remove the defrost vent cover by inserting a common screwdriver between the layers and twisting it to create a place to sick your finger in. Pull gently on it to release the clips holding it in place. You also need to pull the speaker grilles off the dash. There is a single screw on the side that needs to be taken loose and then the retainers pop loose when you pull on them. Now you should be able to see all the screws running along the length of the dash holding it to the body. Take these loose and the dash will be able to be pulled back. You don't want to take it completely out, just move it enough to where you have access to the back side.
Now that the dash is lose you need to move to the under hood of the car and disconnect everything from the firewall.
Start by taking loose the Nuts holding the A/C Dryer to the Firewall, My A/C system was NOT charged so the next thing I did was to move the dryer out of the way. * * * DO NOT ATTEMPT TO DO THIS IF YOUR A/C SYSTEM IS CHARGED AND FUNCTIONAL THESE LINES ARE UNDER PRESSURE.* * *
If your system is charged, you can either #1 have a shop evacuate and recharge your system or #2 you can attempt to leave the lines hooked up. If you choose option #2 you must be very careful when pulling the heater box from the dash as you could damage major components of your A/C system. Since mine wasn't charged I pulled loose the dryer and disconnected the A/C line with the special spring-lock disconnect tools
and moved it out of the way to give me more room to work.
Now that that was out of the way, I had room to disconnect the heater hoses
that connected the heater core to the Heater tube
assembly on the motor. There will be some residual coolant in these lines so be prepared for a small amount to pour out. With the lines lose you will need to take the 2 large diameter nuts off on the firewall that hold the heater box secure to the firewall.
Once those are loose, you are finished under the hood and need to go back inside the car. There is 1 final bolt that is holding the heater box in place. It is located on the bottom corner of the heater box beside the transmission tunnel. Once that is loose the heater box can be moved. Pull back on the heater box assembly to expose the plastic cover the heater core is located under. Remove the 4 small bolts that are holding it in place.
With the bolts removed you can pull the access cover of to expose the heater core. It is just sitting in place; the only thing you have to do is pull the tubes out of the rubber insulation that seals off the opening in the firewall. Be careful because there is residual coolant in here as well and it will spill onto your interior. Trust me, I know from experience.
With the old heater core gone you can clean up any debris and coolant that might be in the opening. We offer 2 different versions. The Aftermarket Core and the OEM FORD Heater Core unit. I used the aftermarket version. The new Heater core is slightly smaller and made of aluminum instead of copper. Supplied with the kit is a strip of foam with adhesive backing. It is designed to go around the perimeter of the core to hold it in place and prevent it from sliding around in the box. Install the new core in the heater box being careful not to tear the sealing foam that goes around the tubes.
Reinstall the access cover to seal the box back up. Now comes the tedious task of putting everything back together again. It all goes back together just like it came apart just in a reverse order. I recommend going back with new heater hoses just to give you peace of mind. The new Motorcraft hoses come with a coolant flow restrictor installed to reduce the chances of the new heater core blowing out the same way. If you choose to go on with your existing hoses and they don't have the Flow Restrictor
we also have those available separately.
Well, hope this helped some people out. It is a pretty involved process and will take the majority of a weekend to do but it can save you some cash if you don't mind diving into projects like this. If not at least this gives you an Idea of why shops charge what they do for a Fox Mustang Heater Core Replacement.